Here at Dyer Vineyard we’re just now seeing the first hint of color in the grapes—in viticultural parlance this stage is known as veraison. This term is borrowed from the French, and signifies the beginning of ripening. At the beginning of veraison the berries are green, hard, and small. The green color is due to green chlorophyll. During veraison, the berries double in size, start to accumulate sugar, loose acidity, soften, and in the case of red wine grapes, start to develop red-black color due to development of anthocyanin red pigment.
Experience tells us that from full veraison to harvest is usually 45 to 50 days, which points to the third week of September being a very busy time for Diamond Mountain Cabernet Sauvignon. The last few weeks have been very intense in the vineyard. We have shoot thinned to open up the vines to light, cluster thinned to balance the crop size, sprayed sulfur to control mildew, and managed weeds. Now there is not much to do until veraison is almost complete. When about 80% of the clusters have turned color it will be time for “green thinning” in which the 20% of clusters remaining green will be removed. This will need to be done around the middle of August and will help ensure that our crop ripens evenly.
So the next couple of weeks will be about the last time for a vacation before the 2016 crush (our 20th for Dyer Vineyard, and 42nd in Napa Valley) consumes all our time time and attention. With that in mind, we will soon be headed to the well-named Paradise Valley in Montana, where the Yellowstone River flows out of the Park, for a week of fly fishing along with sharing wine and food with some other winemaker friends. Then we will be back in Napa Valley for the duration of the season and harvest in our own paradise valley.
Napa Valley Winery, Dyer Straits Wine Company, Announces AVA Recognized Wine from The Diamond Mountain District
Napa Valley, California — June 16, 2016 - With its seasonal availability, Dyer Vineyard wine from Dyer Straits Wine Company is sought after by many wine aficionados. Grown in the Diamond Mountain District, the wine includes flavors that are distinct from other Napa Valley wineries. Dyer Vineyard is best known for its Cabernet Sauvignon Bordeaux-styled blend.
The 2013 blend is made of 82 percent Cabernet Sauvignon, 13 percent Cabernet Franc, and 5 percent Petit Verdot. The dark wine has rich and powerful flavors including black fruit—more stone fruit than berry.
The Diamond Mountain District American Viticultural Area (AVA) has volcanic soil that helps the grapes tolerate more direct sunlight and less fog than nearby Napa Valley wineries. The porosity of the soil combined with the altitude of more than 400 feet above sea level enables it to quickly cool down, despite the sun exposure. In summer, daytime temperatures can exceed 100 degrees, while the mornings and evenings can be up to 40 degrees cooler.
These fluctuations in the weather are said to give the area's grapes much of their unique flavors. The warm daytime allows the grapes to fully ripen, while the cooler nighttime temperatures develop firm acidity. The intense tannin, color, and flavor result from the grapes' survival methods.
The Diamond Mountain District's name comes from the volcanic glass that the soil contains. Since the district is situated 40 miles east of the Pacific Ocean and 40 miles north of San Francisco Bay, both bodies of water have cooling influences on the land.
Dyer Vineyard has slightly more than 500 acres planted for wine—mostly for Cabernet Sauvignon—on the 5000 total acres of the Diamond Mountain District. The district was designated an AVA in 2001 after a dispute about the area's borders after its proposal in 1999.
Although the AVA was established somewhat recently, the area has been used for wine growing since 1868 by legendary Jacob Schram. He owned and planted 100 acres and by 1892 he began to age and stored wine in underground cellars. His name lives on among Napa Valley wineries with the well-known property, appropriately named, Schramsberg Vineyards.
Contact Dyer Straits Wine Company directly for more information regarding their wines.
About Dyer Straits Wine Company
Located in Cabernet Country, their vines send down roots deep into volcanic soils producing wines known for their concentration, intensity, and ageability. Handcrafted, Dyer Straits Wine Company produce less than 300 cases per year.
For more information, please visit www.dyerwine.com/Home or call (707) 942-5502.
We seem to have the drought behind us, at least for this season. Here are our vines in mid-May. They have been shoot thinned, leaving about 30 shoots per vine, which results in an open canopy of leaves without too much shading of the developing fruit. The remaining shoots have been tucked into the trellis wire, so that they grow upwards, and can grab onto the wires for support to prevent them from breaking off in the wind. Soon we will be through and pinch off any extra clusters—we only want two per shoot to ensure concentration in the wine (but this year there are very few shoots with more that two, so this will be a quick pass). Traditionally May 15 is considered the frost free date, and we seemed to have dodged the bullet this year for frost.
We go into each season with each vine carrying about 30 shoots and 60 clusters. So makes vintages different? It’s the conditions that are to come over the next 4 to 5 months. We hope for Goldilocks conditions—not too much or too little of anything. We hope for mild days without too much drama. For example, our 2,000+ vines were in the early stages of bloom on May 21, when about one third of an inch of rain fell, which potentially might interfere with the pollination and fruit set. Only time will tell if this will affect the crop. But an early call would be that this rain, plus the relative lack of clusters (and fruitfulness is largely determined in the previous season) indicate that this season may be below average in yield. Time will tell.
Winemakers tend to be "optimystics", which is probably a good thing as each year nature hands us a new season with its own set of challenges. When we get through a vintage, sometimes it is difficult to rein in our enthusiasm for what we produced often leading to some amusing pronouncements. Having said that, we are going to risk being fools, since having over 80 Napa Valley vintages between the two of us should count for something. The last time we were this excited about releasing a new vintage from Dyer Vineyard was 1996—well, because it was our first vintage from our own vineyard. This time, the excitement is in the wine itself. Nature sent us one right over the plate in the 2013 vintage. The wine has the combination of intensity and concentration that mark the best Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon vintages. It reminds Bill of the 1985 Sterling Reserve he made, which was delicious in the barrel, and remains so over 30 years later. And yes, that wine had a significant amount of Diamond Mountain fruit in the blend. We think 2013 Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon will be viewed as one of the very collectable vintages that seem to come one or twice a decade (before 1985, maybe 1974 was of the same caliber)? We made an even dozen barrels of this wine, with 290 cases bottled.
Finally, Diamond Creek is flowing again- and the start to a new growing season is promising! After a very dry February, we received 15” of rain in March. Budbreak took place the week of the 21st- early, but about the same as last year. This potentially sets us up for another early harvest, but now at least we have plenty of soil moisture going into the Spring-- which the vines need in order to grow canes- they'll grow about 1 meter over the next couple of months. We hear Diamond Creek roaring these days as it flows between Dyer Vineyard and the famous winery to which it lends its name, is roaring today. (Probably hard to read in the photo here, but the year 1885 on the bridge shows there were people making wine in the neighborhood way back then). Stay tuned for updates as we progress through the 2016 Vintage in the Diamond Mountain District, Napa Valley.
August 23, 2016
July 28, 2016
July 15, 2016
July 4, 2016Napa Valley Winery, Dyer Straits Wine Company, Announces AVA Recognized Wine from The Diamond Mountain District(4 Comments)
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