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Bill Dyer
 
April 24, 2015 | Bill Dyer

Earth Day, Napa Green

Hooray! Just in time for Earth Day, Dyer Vineyard has received certification by both Napa Green and Fish Friendly Farming. Both these organizations work closely with vineyard owners and wineries to develop specific practices for their sites that will protect and sustain our land and watersheds. Napa Valley Vintners recently set a goal of having all of its members (currently 500 and growing) certified Napa Green by 2020. The certification process looks at the entire property, including roads, in developing each individual plan. With terms such as organic, sustainable, and biodynamic becoming a little fuzzy, it is great to work with these two certifying organizations to lay out programs that are both specific and locally focused

 

Bill Dyer
 
April 10, 2015 | Bill Dyer

Announcing the Release of Our 2012 Dyer Vineyard Diamond Mountain District Cabernet Sauvignon

On April 16 we will release our 2012 Dyer Vineyard Diamond Mountain District Cabernet Sauvignon. Only 252 cases were produced from our 2.3 acre vineyard—they will be first offered to our mailing list customers.

The 2012 vintage is already being described as a classic vintage for Napa Valley  Cabernet Sauvignon.  In March over a foot of rain fell on our site adjacent to Diamond Mountain Creek. The deep gravely volcanic soils on a gently sloping bench welcomed the long drink, and the vines budded out the first week of April. The remaining spring weather was warm, dry, and frost free, leading to an even fruit set, with all the clusters on the same ripening curve. The summer was warm and mild, with temperatures in the 80’s and 90’s, often dropping into the 40’s at night, conditions favoring development of flavors while retaining acidity.

All in all, it was a wonderful season, and a return to normalcy after the challenges of 2011. So mark your calendars for April 16, and get ready to celebrate a new classic vintage of Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon!

Bill Dyer
 
March 24, 2015 | Bill Dyer

Strategy for an early season

We are off to an early start with the 2015 Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon vintage—here on Diamond Mountain our vines budded out about 10 days ahead of normal. We did something a little different this year with our pruning, which you can see in this photo. Mid-winter when the vines were very dormant we pruned the long canes from last season, and pulled them out of the trellis wires, a very slow process. But instead of leaving two buds per spur on our cordon arms, we left four (as in the front row in the photo). Then last weekend in one day we went back through the vineyard, and quickly cut off the other two (as in the row in the background). This of course requires an extra pass through the vineyard—why would we go to this extra work (referred to as double pruning)?

There are two reasons. The first has to do with frost avoidance. Though we are in the mountains which are less susceptible to frost, which commonly forms on the valley floor where the cold air settles, our site is on a bench next to Diamond Mountain Creek, and once in a while frost does affect the lowest portion of the vineyard—in 2008 we got hammered with enough damage to the young buds that our crop was about half of normal. Because the uppermost buds on grapevines break first (this is called “apical dominance”) the lower two buds will be a little slower to push. This delay increases the odds the nights will be a little warmer when they finally do push. The other reason is the pruning cut can be infected by a grape disease called eutypa—it has the nickname “dead-arm” which is descriptive of what it does. A preventative measure is to paint every cut with as sealant, which is laborious. By making the final cut just as the vines are waking up, there will be fewer spores present under the drier conditions, and the sap will flow out of the cut, making its own seal as in dries up. This “bleeding” is not harmful to the vines.As double pruning goes very quickly, we can wait until the leaves are pushing on the upper buds that have yet to be removed. The canes from both the early and late pruning (long and short) are dropped between the rows, to be chopped and cultivated, adding organic matter to the soil.

 

Please check back to follow the twists and turns of the 2015 season.

 

Bill                                                                                                                                          

Bill Dyer
 
December 3, 2014 | Bill Dyer

The Story Behind the Missing Vintage

We recently sent out an e-mail to our mailing list customers informing them we will not be releasing a 2011 vintage from our vineyard, and instead are offering an older vintage (2005) from our library for the holidays. This is after 15 consecutive annual releases--here is the story behind our “missing vintage.”

We have often referred to the late ripening aspect of Dyer Vineyard as a positive attribute—longer hang time, slower ripening in the shorter and cooler days of October, avoiding the heat spikes that earlier in the season can lead to dehydration, high brix, and excessive alcohol.  Our site is northeast facing, and partially sheltered from the afternoon sun by the ridge of the Mayacamas range to the southwest. In 2011 an early October storm brought in four inches of rain, and subsequent humid weather caused botrytis to start in many clusters before the final stages of ripening could occur. We dropped fruit, picked clusters selectively and have never had more people on the sorting table. We picked the brains of some of our Oregon colleagues who routinely deal with botrytis-affected fruit—this is something Napa Valley Cabernet producers normally don’t have to deal with. In fact this is the only time in 40 years we have seen botrytis in Cabernet. For those not familiar with botrytis, it is a grey mold that can affect many fruits, and most people have seen it growing on fruit held too long. It is considered a positive attribute in some white wines—referred to as the “noble rot” responsible for concentrating and sweetening desert wines such as Sauterne and Trockenbeerenauslese. But in red wines it makes the pigment very unstable, resulting in lighter colored wines.

We gave the wine plenty of time to develop, taking it through the normal two years of barrel aging. We found that it benefited from a higher percentage of new French oak, so we purchased some more new barrels. Being optimistic types, we felt it was showing better each time we tasted it. But the “drop dead” decision time was the point at which we had to order bottling supplies—bottles, corks, and foils. We had to admit at that point it was not up to our usual standards. We used a wine broker to sell the wine in bulk to another producer who was able to blend it with other wine.

It is important to us to point out that our decision not to bottle does not reflect on the decision by other wineries to bottle Cabernet from this vintage. The concept of terroir includes a focus on all aspects of a vineyard site—in this case the amount of rain, the subsequent fog, and the timing of these weather events versus the stage of ripening were very specific to our site. This is also a reminder of the inherent risk in single vineyard designated wines—it is truly “letting it all hang out.”

Time Posted: Dec 3, 2014 at 1:23 PM
Bill Dyer
 
October 8, 2014 | Bill Dyer

Vintage 2014 - It's a wrap!

Our 2014 Diamond Mountain District Cabernet Sauvignon is close to finishing its fermentation and will be transferred from its tank to oak barrels within days. Already it is beginning to reveal the character and personality of our nineteenth vintage. It is showing abundant color, intensity and concentration-- it is going to be fun to watch this one evolve in the barrel. After 3 very lean harvests (2008 through 2010), and a 2011 harvest that didn’t meet our standards (not bottled, but rather sold in the negociant channels), our last three have been back to normal size. This was the earliest harvest in years, marked by a dry winter, a warm spring with sufficient rainfall for the grapes to reach the top of the trellis (and no frost). The summer was warm, but not hot--there were only a few days of temperature over 100 degrees. Hand harvesting began at 4:00am on September 22, finished up by 7:30, and the grapes were sorted, de-stemmed, and in the fermentation tank by mid afternoon. Normally we would be sending out to our mailing list an announcement of our next release right about now. But since we are skipping the 2011 vintage, we are working on an alternative plan to offer some of our library wines. So start thinking about which vintage from 2004 to 2006 might be your favorite, as there will be an opportunity to restock your cellar.